Finding Baby GIANTS?!

– It’s a baby salamander. I mean, it looks
big to you and me as compared to salamanders,
but this is tiny when we’re talking
Japanese Giant Salamanders. ♪ Fire ♪ ♪ A fire on the mountain ♪ What’s going on Coyote Pack? And, welcome to Base Camp, a special Japanese Giant
Salamander edition. – That’s right. Hopefully this week you’ve
seen some of our segments that we released on the
Japanese Giant Salamander. And today, we’re gonna
discuss a little bit of the behind the scenes
aspects of filming in Japan. – This was one of the
most difficult episodes, well, you know, I
guess difficult’s the
right way to put it because it took so long
to produce this trip. Getting to Japan is one of
the most grand adventures we’ve ever been on. – [Mario] It was a
challenge, first of all, we don’t speak the
language, right? – [Coyote] No, it made it tough. – So yeah, we had to have
a excellent guide with us, Richard, and he helped us
navigate through the country. – Right, absolutely. And, I know a lot of
you wanted to see me stung by the Japanese
Giant Hornet, which we managed to
get that episode. But, the real reason
we went to Japan was for the Giant Salamanders. And, it’s all about
seasonality, right. We had to be in country
at exactly the right time, when the salamanders are active,
if we hoped to find them. – Right so, we had
to plan it based on when the animals are active, and how we’re not
gonna interfere with their life
histories, like breeding, and hatching, and so on. And, of course, we
also picked the time when it was typhoon season. – Yeah, a lot of rain. But, that also meant
higher water levels so the salamanders were
more active at that point. Now, we got to work with
Okada Sensei, who was amazing. And, I know upon
first meeting him, it’s like, he speaks a
little bit of English, not a lot, he understands
more than he can speak. But, you have that
language barrier, when it comes down
to, okay, this is what we would like to
do in the field. And, him trying
to explain to us, all right, well it might
take this much time. It could be several days before we actually find a salamander. – Right. – And, production
for the episodes took us almost a week. – Right, and you know,
back to Dr. Okada, I mean, he is the rockstar of salamander
biology and research. He has dedicated 20
years of his life studying the Japanese
Giant Salamander. I mean, he is actually
the reason why these animals still
exist in Japan. So, it’s quite the
honor to work with him. – Well, a big threat that
these salamanders face, you may be asking yourselves,
so what sort of predators does a salamander
like that have? And, certainly there
are smaller mammals that would feast on
the younger ones, the juvenile sub-adults. But, it really is the
encroachment of humans that is destroying the
environment for these animals. With the building of
dams and barrier walls. I know in the first episode,
we really made that point at the end to say it’s
the addition of concrete to the environment that
is preventing salamanders from traveling from breeding
spot to breeding spot. – Right, yeah. Habitat destruction,
degradation, that is the biggest threat
to these animals. They require healthy ecosystems. Their water needs to be clean. Essentially, these animals, breathe through
their skin, right? – Right. So, I have the little one here, which we gave away in
the Tokyo scavenger hunt. And, this is what would
be considered a sub-adult. And, we did find some
smaller ones like this in the field, we’ll get
into that in a second. But, you know, you can see,
and we showed in the episode, these flaps of skin on
the side of their bodies. Just like Hellbenders,
they absorb a lot of their environment
through their skin. – Right.
– As you guys know, most amphibians do. But, salamanders specifically
are great indicator species for how healthy
an environment is. – [Mario] Exactly. – Of course, it was
probably unique for you guys to see an episode
where I wasn’t actually allowed to catch and handle
the salamanders myself. But again, there are very
strict laws and regulations that only licensed
researchers are allowed to make physical contact with
the salamanders in the wild. Now, of course, the
episode that came out about the Hanzaki
Research Institute, where The Great Osanturo lives, the largest Japanese Giant
Salamander on record in Japan. Which I was able to
get hands on with. – [Mario] Right. – [Coyote] And,
what an incredible
experience for all of us to just interact
with that creature. – I mean, it was massive. It weighed what, 14 kilograms, which is roughly 30 pounds. That’s like the size
of a small dog, right? – That’s like a lot of the
snapping turtles I catch, are like 30 pounds. – Yeah. Yeah, so it was
quite amazing to see such a large amphibian. Their structure is amazing. So well adapted to their stream and water environment, right. – [Coyote] Well, it’s
that flat body structure, and, you know, those little
hands with those nuptial pads that can really just
grip them in place, even with the strong
flowing current. – The family of
salamanders, the genus that this group belongs
to, thrives in cold water. And, that’s actually
why they live so long. So, everything is slow when
you live in a cold environment, your metabolism, how you move. You basically grab a prey item, that prey item will last
you a long time as a meal. And, as we know, the
Giant Salamanders can live a long time, right. – Um hm. Well, The Great Osanturo is
over a hundred years of age. – That’s pretty amazing.
– Which is crazy to think that a salamander of that size is over a hundred years old,
dwarfs us when it comes to age. – [Mario] Yeah. – [Coyote] And, may outlive
us, nobody really knows. – [Mario] Yeah. – And it’s, like I
said, the largest one that is currently in
captivity in Japan. Now, the smaller salamanders,
something that is this size or smaller, is
considered incredibly important to the science that
Okada Sensei is doing. And, Mario, why
don’t you explain why the juveniles
are so important. – Right, so juveniles in a
population are really important because they’re an
indicator that number one, the population is growing,
right, they’re reproducing. That’s good. And, especially for
the salamanders, another reason why
it’s a good indicator, is because they have these
life stages, or life cycles. They start off as eggs,
then they turn into larvae, then they metamorphosize
into sub-adults, and then into the
adults themselves. So, the larvae stage
is really sensitive to the environment, right. The little larvae have
actually gill slits, and the water needs to be really
clean, and really healthy. So, if you find these juveniles, it means that the
larvae have survived, and that the ecosystem
is probably healthy. – [Coyote] Right, so when you
have the bigger salamanders, the ones that are between
50, 60, 70, 80, 90, a hundred years of
age, they’ve adapted. And, while they are
susceptible to pollution, they’ve at least allowed
their bodies to become– – [Mario] Exactly. – You know, in tune
with the environment. So, introduction to
pollution sometimes they can sustain a bit
longer than the young ones. – Yes. – Like we said, young
ones with the gill slits, and breathing
through their bodies, become very much
impacted by the addition of something like a pollutant. The small one that you found, which was, I mean it was tiny, it was the smallest salamander
we found on the trip. – Yeah so, I think
the highlight of my Japan trip was the
fact that we found during actually one of
our B-roll days, right. So, we often go out
into the environment and gather B-roll. And, we were out during the day. And, it’s not likely to
find them during the day because they’re
primarily nocturnal. But, underneath a
rock, Dr. Okada found a little salamander. A little Giant Salamander. – Teeny, tiny
giant, pretty much. – Right. And, so we had to
gather biometrics. And, I was helping him do that while you guys were
getting B-roll. And, we determined
that it was roughly around five years old, and it
was not a marked individual. So, it was new to his study. So, after biometrics
we actually put a PIT tag in it, kinda like what we do with the
crocodiles, right. So, it’s got an
identification number. And, in his notes, he actually
named it Mario, after me. So, essentially I have a
salamander right now, in Japan, that’s swimming around,
doing its thing. And, hopefully, it might
actually outlive me. It can live up to
a hundred years. – [Coyote] If it’s lucky, it
will definitely outlive you. – [Mario] Yeah. – [Coyote] Even though you
will stay incredibly healthy, just like hopefully
the salamander will, it’s definitely going to
live longer than you are. – See ya later Mario. You also had an experience
like that as well, right? – I did, yeah. Well, what’s cool
is that, you know, after we filmed the main scene. And, actually in total
we caught six salamanders on the entire trip. – [Mario] Yes. – But, you really only saw the one largest one we
caught in the field. Once the cameras had wrapped, and we were breaking
everything down, I’m just looking around
on the side of the river and I shine my flashlight
right into the water, and here’s a salamander
about this size, just scurrying along the rocks. I call out to Okada Sensei,
I’m like, small salamander. – Yeah. – I didn’t wanna say,
’cause it was like, if you say Giant Salamander,
you just think big one. But, it was a small
Giant Salamander. You know, with the
rules and regulations, I was not allowed to
actually catch it myself. – Right. – So, Okada Sensei
comes running down, scoops it up with the net, and then we filmed
an entire scene. It didn’t make it into
the actual episode. So, if you guys wanna see it, should we show a deleted scene? – Absolutely, yeah. – Okay, so if you
guys are ready, let’s roll the
footage of us tagging and collecting
the biometrics for a small Giant Salamander. I was able to just
corral it gently until Dr. Okada got down there. So, look at how
small this one is. So, this is
incredibly important, finding a salamander
of this size means that reproduction
is happening. And, it’s not likely that this
one even has a tag in it yet. So, we’re gonna definitely
need to collect its biometrics. We had just wrapped on the
scene, I look down off the side, and it’s a baby salamander. I mean, it looks
big to you and me as compared to salamanders,
but this is tiny when we’re talking
Japanese Giant Salamanders. Now, it’s actually
more rare to find a salamander this size,
than it is a large one. So, this is really exciting. There’s a good chance
this salamander does not have a tag in it yet. Look at that little
junior, that’s so cool. A little bit easier to
handle a small one like this, than it is a giant. That looks just like a big one, only junior size. Look at all that
speckled patterning, perfect camouflage for
this river ecosystem. A little water in there. The water actually helps to
keep the salamander calm. See that, it’s wanting
to get out of the tube. And, as soon as you
get water in there, it just goes whoop,
and calms down. 32.5 centimeters is
the total length. Here’s the moment of truth,
does it have a tag in it? – No tag.
– No tag. Oh, that’s great. This is an undocumented animal. That’s so cool. So, this is really important
for your research, right? – Yes. – All the time that Dr.
Okada spends out here finding these
salamanders, catching them year after year, finding out
if they have tags or not. And, this is a
completely new animal. Not yet recorded. – [Dr. Okada] You found it. – [Coyote] Yeah, I spotted it. – [Mark] Does that mean
you get to name it? – Yeah, do I get to name
it since I spotted it? – Yeah. – Oh, all right.
– Coyote. – Call it coyote? Coyote the Giant
Japanese Salamander. – [Mark] What’s
Coyote in Japanese? – Coyote. – Coyote. – Coyote. – This salamander is
officially going to be named Coyote. All right, so you’re
gonna get a snout to vent. What was it? – [Dr. Okada] 3.8. – [Coyote] Oh, 3.8. – [Dr. Okada] And, head is 4.3. – [Coyote] 4.3. Oh, tiny as compared to
the adult that we caught. – [Mark] Look at the belly,
much lighter in color. – [Coyote] Much lighter. – [Dr. Okada] This is male. – [Coyote] Oh, and it’s a male. How are you able to tell that? – [Dr. Okada] The
same, swollen cloaca. – Okay, a swollen cloaca. We’ve got ourselves
a juvenile male here. – Very young male. – So, how old would you guess
that this salamander is? – [Dr. Okada] 15? – Okay so, what Dr. Okada
said, is that he’s guessing this salamander is
around 15 years of age. – [Mark] Really,
it takes 15 years to get that big? – 15 years to get this big. That’s pretty incredible. All right, so this is important. We’re going to put a PIT
tag into this juvenile male. Like I said before,
because it does not have a tag in it, it needs one. And, this will
allow Dr. Okada to continuously track this animal. Now, this is not
a tracking chip, so we can’t like come
out with a, you know, little wand and detect
where the animal is. It’s an ID chip. So, if it’s caught
again, he can scan it, just like he did
with the larger one. And, that will allow
us to see the health and the growth of the
animal, over time. We’re gonna insert the tag here. And, it’s just like
a little pinprick. Right there, behind
the arm, perfect. All right. (beeping) Got it.
– There we go. – All right, this baby
giant is officially tagged. – If I catch Junior, I
email you with picture. – [Coyote] That would be great. That would be great. – [Mark] So, you’re
gonna get some updates on Coyote Junior.
– Yes. – [Mark] If he’s
captured in the future. – This is officially my son now. My son, the Japanese
Giant Salamander. All right, so the
last thing to do is to let Coyote
back into the river, where hopefully he will
flourish and breed, and there will be more
salamanders here in Japan. Oh, that was awesome Dr.
Okada, thank you so much. Wow, how cool was
that, right guys? – [Mark] Awesome. – All right, let’s let
him back into the river. (upbeat piano music) How cool was that, right. Coyote Junior.
– Right. – And, what a special
moment for both of us. And, actually, one thing
that we got, is this. See this little
numbered tag down here, you have one on the
front of yours too. – [Mario] Yup. – [Coyote] Okada
Sensei gave this to us. And, he wrote in
Japanese scripting there, be brave, stay wild, from
Okada Sensei to Coyote. You’ve got one too. – Right. – And, this little tag
here is the official number of Coyote Junior
and Mario Junior. – Right, yeah. This is definitely a
highlight and a treasure that I brought back from Japan. It shows the date
that we captured and tagged the animal. So, you know, this
is very special to us because, once again, these
animals are gonna be out there. They’re out there
right now, thriving. Think about it, right. That’s pretty neat. – Well, and, like we said,
there’s a good chance that these salamanders,
if they stay healthy, and manage to avoid, you
know, human encroachment, they will potentially
outlive us. – Wow. – But, what’s so amazing, and
certainly for Okada Sensei, is that on that trip,
when you think about the areas that he does
research, he’s been researching these areas for over 20 years. And, on this trip we magically
find two new specimens, that had never
been tagged before. Which was a pretty
cool moment for us. – Yeah, definitely special. I think Dr. Okada was
very happy with us. You know, when we come and
work with these researchers or groups, sometimes they’re
nervous because they don’t want a camera crew like
messing up what they’re doing, and encroaching on the research. But, we always come in in
a very respectful manner, and you know we help
out with the research. – A lot of times when you come
in as a production company, and you’re like, hey we wanna
film an episode on this. People might look and be
like, oh, I don’t know. Cameras and lights, and
are you guys gonna know what you’re doing, are
you gonna tell the story that we want to tell
as an organization. – Right. – So, I think we did a
great job making sure to really stick to the
storyline of not turning these things into monsters. – Nope. – ‘Cause there is a
lot of myth and lore, throughout time, that they
were these river dragons. But, it’s not something
to be afraid of. They’re the most
sentient, docile creatures you’ll every encounter. And, they rely on us as humans to protect their environments. And, of course, with what
Okada Sensei is doing to promote that conservation, so that they can
continue to thrive. – Right. And, probably one of the
coolest aspects of this is that, the viewers
can actually go out and do exactly
what we did, right. – Right. This is not exclusive to
film teams or research teams. Now, that does not
mean you can go out and look for Giant
Salamanders on your own. – Right. – But, the group
that we worked with, if you search, you’ll get connected with
our amazing guide, Richard. Who actually leads ecotourism
into these environments with the Hansaki
Institute, so that people can see these
salamanders in the wild. So, you can go out
and watch Okada Sensei do his thing, collecting data. – [Mario] Right. And, you will contribute
to the conservation, because through ecotourism
the money that is made goes into funding Japanese
Salamander conservation. – Which actually, I
just had a crazy idea. I don’t know if we’d
be able to do this at some point, but,
you know how we did the Golden Adventure Ticket
for the Brave Adventures, the first book. – [Mario] Right. – We should do
something maybe where we take some members
of the Coyote Pack back to Japan for
some ecotourism. – Oh wow. – Oh, it’s got my
gears grinding. Okay, got a couple ideas. We’ll have to put
a pause on that and see if it happens. – Yeah. – But, it would be
pretty cool to take some of the audience members
out there, into Japan. It’s a unique environment. – [Mario] Yeah. – [Coyote] It’s not an
easy thing to get through. But, once you’re
there, just the history of that place is
ah, it’s magical. – [Mario] That would
be quite the adventure. – It would be pretty cool. All right guys, well
make sure you go back and watch the two Japanese
Giant Salamander episodes, if you have not seen
them at this point. Write in the comment
section below, and tell us what you love
about the Giant Salamander. And let us know,
would you like to go on an ecotourism trip with
myself, Mark, and Mario, to look for Giant Salamanders? Sounds pretty cool right. – Yeah, I think so. – I’m Coyote Peterson. – I’m Mario Aldecoa. – Be brave. – Stay wild. – We’ll see ya on the
next Base Camp Adventure. – All right.
– All right. Conservation efforts
for the Giant Salamander are imperative for its survival. And, if you would like to help, make sure to visit to ensure that there is a future
for these majestic animals. If you missed our
thrilling adventure into the mysterious world
of Giant Salamanders, make sure to go back
and watch, as we got the slippery amphibian
up close for the cameras. And, don’t forget, subscribe, and click the notification bell, so you can join me and the crew on our next wild adventure. (roaring)

100 thoughts on “Finding Baby GIANTS?!

  1. My sister tell me that she fould something rare but we don't know what it is it look lile a blood worm but its mouth is with lot of shape teeth in it was so much dakr skin but it was short in small but it look so scary my sister ran away then came home we don't know what this worm is so can you tell me it a blood worm but dark skin in short in shape teeth

  2. OMG COYOTE!!! if you do bring people to Japan that would make my Not day Not night but LIFE I love your channel I know you haven’t said anything is done yet but I just wanna go out soon and let you know that it would mean everything to me. If you read this just wanted you to know this:) 👍

  3. I would love to see you do a video even if it’s brief on the “olms “ blind cave salamanders. Btw their eggs are insane looking

  4. coyote, you should try to let Mario infront of the camera for an episode searching for creatures. It would be interesting.

  5. i would love to go and help research these amazing amphibians and to see one up close and look at it would be a dream come true the thing that i personally love about these animals is that they are so elegant and graceful in the way the move and there whole structure and way they live is extremely interesting

  6. I admire Dr. Okada so much and seeing him and Mario kneel in the river gathering data was a beautiful thing to behold. And what do i like best about these Salamanders? Their stubby, little feet, no doubt!
    Gorgeous series from Japan and Dr. Okada is a rockstar!

  7. Love watching your channel your videos are very interesting and long that it burns off my time when I’m bored.

  8. I forgot how much I enjoyed these vids. Awesome research the doc's doing. Just think that those 100+-year-old salamanders have seen so much traumatic change in Japanese climate due to atomic and nuclear energy.

  9. Have you ever seen a snake with a spider looking tale? These snakes would use there tale to catch prey . It's crazy .

  10. My 8 year old daughter was super enthusiastic about the idea of hunting for giant salamanders with Coyote in Japan!!!

  11. Roses are red

    That part is true

    But violets are violet

    Not flippin blue

    Killer bees are creepy

    And so are you (no not you reader it just rhymes)

    I now dislike bees

    And so should you

    Violets are red

    Roses are blue

    I know that is wrong

    Is it annoying you?

    Roses are red

    Violets aren't blue

    I don't know why I'm doing this

    Probably to entertain you

    Roses are red

    Coyote is cool

    I wish I was brave enough

    To do a math test at school

    Roses are red
    Violets are blue
    I’ll subscribe to myself
    And so should you

  12. Question, Wasn’t Japan having a problem with a invasive species of Chinese giant salamanders that had started breeding with the Japanese giant salamander? An they were removing the Chinese salamanders and the hybrids from the.

  13. how worthless you are eric shitmidt compared to these two gentlemen! keep fooling yourself while knowing you are undeniably a pathetic insecure old coward and will die that way! totally USELESS here and thereafter!

  14. Hi coyote and team it would be amazing to work with you guys as I’m a small nature youtuber and I’m sure my friend NaturesTemper would enjoy working with you too. Thank you for inspiring me to take the plunge into the land of YouTube and I hope you keep up all the good work and conservation efforts you do on a daily basis and inspire many young conservations in the future 😊

  15. Imagine, 10 20 30+ years from now, they could end up catching it again. Seeing how much its grown and seeing the random name coyote.

  16. Last time they said they went to Japan AND held off on the Executioner Wasp, BECAUSE they had to get the Japanese Giant Hornet in first to see if it was worse than the Wasp and which to release based on that. But now they’re saying the Salamander was the real reason. I don’t know what to believe anymore. It’s all lies! Ahh who cares 🙂 sounds like they just got lucky both were in season. I still wanna know which animal caused the plan to start.

  17. Thank yoy so much for all the Japanese Giant Salamander episodes! I absolutely love and adore these creatures together with their Chinese cousins so it made me real happy to see you guys work with them ^-^ definitely looking forward to the possibility of another salamander encounter

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